Cosmos by Carl Sagan
Carl Sagan is an astronomer and won the Pulitzer Prize and very popular in the science community. He loves to share his thoughts and ideas with others.
His biggest hope is to educate the world and he believed that combining television and books they could become one of the most powerful learning tools. He wanted to share his ideas through books and television series. He thought that this would give anyone who wanted the opportunity to learn to be able to learn.
He shared that he thought that television was one of the greatest learning tools ever invented. Using these tools he wanted the chance to educate the world. He was inspired by the popular TV series, Cosmo, to write a book also named after the series.
The book spent 50 plus weeks on the many best sellers list and is known as one of the best-selling science book of all time. The book was also given the Hugo Award for Best Non-fiction book in 1981.
This book and his ideas sparked his career and even came out with a sequel after the first book was published and became so popular.
“Cosmos” by Carl Sagan is a book that discusses a wide range of subjects and ideas. During the duration of the 13 chapters that are beautifully exemplified as he covers the TV series that aired on national television. The TV series was also comprised of 13 episodes that correspondences with the 13 chapters of the book. The subjects of the book discuss cosmic elevation, along with science and cultural development over the last 15 billion years. Mr. Sagan looks closely at the knowledge origins and what the future of science will look like for us plus adds information on the scientific method with an influence of science and philosophy. He also discusses science with details on the essential premises with specifics on many of the different noticeable scientist within our historical accountability. He notes each of their contributions to the context of each different subject and displays how each of them played a special rule in the development of what we call science in the modern world.
With the book discussing a variety of subjects and modern views it also sheds light on Mr. Sagans thoughts and ideas on anthropological, cosmological, biological, historical, and astronomical matters from the beginning of time through what we call modern day. Along with his ideas he shares light into in the universe and what life could be out there. Discussing the idea that there is presence of alien life is in the universe, but the understanding that he think that they have visited us on earth.
Sagan uses light and conversational tones to discuss difficult scientific subjects. The book is in terms that makes for the everyday reader able to understand and able to follow the theories and ideas. It is a presentation of some of the most refined ideas that Mr. Sagan has written about in previous publications, but coveys the information in a more thought out and well written for an audience of all walks of life.
A critic once described the book as a religious book that helps describes the universe and science. He uses the book to talk about religion and uses that to help describe difficult and large scientific concepts. This book is just not about space and the mystery of the unknown, but brings in a philosophical influence that no one has brought together before. Bringing together 13 chapters of great information that is wonderful written in a way that everyone can relate was a success all in its own, but to be able to share great concepts and ideas in the way that he achieved was award winning. This was a success all around.
Kelley Blue Book Used Car Guide: Consumer Edition January – March 2016- Review
Cars have become a 21st-century necessity in many cities around the world. The convenience of efficiently traveling to and from at a whim is what sustains the automobile industry.
Over the years, many new models and designs have been manufactured with each superseding its prior version. The advances in technology and manufacturing efficiencies have secured consistent demand and production of these beautiful hunks of metal.
People are willing to pay top dollar to car manufacturers that have proven their particular make and model is worth the investment. The primary economic balance of supply and demand drives the prices up, or down, for luxury cars to ordinary everyday commuter vehicles.
The supply chain for automobiles, like all supply chains, is the manufacturing and delivery processes from start to finish. From the raw material suppliers and auto shipping companies to the consumer, like the circle of life – the auto industry supply chain is a pulse that dictates the sales price of a vehicle. Everyone has to get paid, and each piece of the chain is looking to make a profit.
Even the consumer is seeking to invest money in a car that retains its value.
Consumers want to know: What is the value of my car?
That is exactly what the well-known industry experts, Kelley Blue Book (KBB), try to address in their January 2016 Consumer Edition on Used Cars. Like most assets, cars depreciate over time. Vehicles, in particular, have an exceptionally fast depreciation schedule. From the moment you drive off the lot, your car is no longer worth its original value.
Several factors cause this rapid decline in car value. It is the same factors that make the resale value of your vehicle different depending on who you sell it to. Kelley Blue Book does a great job at explaining the differences and why. For example, you will get more money if you sell you used car to an individual as opposed to a car dealer as a trade in.
The gap between original list price to resale value ranges from car to car and year to year. In the well thought out guide, KBB covers all the resources a car owner could need over the span of the last 15 years of various makes and models.
The increased value of cars today is due to the advances in design, technology, emission requirements and safety requirements. All of these factors are called value added factors, however; over the years, there have been other factors that contribute to increased costs in vehicles that do not add value.
Most of these non-value added costs increase due to the increased manufacturing and shipping costs.
Why are these cost rising? Well, that is a bit of a loaded question. KBB addresses this in their write up on car values. In manufacturing, there is what is called variable costs. These values fluctuate based on production volume. Fixed costs are also included in the cost to manufacture cars but are constant. Together, fixed and variable costs make up the total cost of a product.
When there are increases in fuel costs, the effect is felt throughout the supply chain, from raw materials to delivery to the dealerships. It is the job of the manufacturer to constantly be looking for ways to reduce costs, which will create a higher profit margin.
As a car owner, reselling your vehicle comes with a lot of questions. Thankfully KBB addresses many of these issues. Finding a qualified buyer is challenging, and if you have a unique collectable car, you might need to go beyond your local geographic range. In that case finding a local car shipping company near you is an option to transport a vehicle to a buyer. For example, in Dallas, you can only search for auto shipping Dallas and pull up several suitable car shipping company options. The added cost of shipping your vehicle can either be included in the sales price or paid by the buyer. (more…)
Why should you read?
Books are a very important thing in our life. We begin our journey through life as kids looking at the pictures in books. Then later on through kindergarten and elementary we discover the story behind the pictures and our imagination takes off. Sadly by the time we are adults we stop dreaming and reading.
Did you know that last year in US nearly a quarter of the adult population did not read one single book?
The number of non-book readers has tripled in the last 40 years. We are so distracted with, tv, radio and other new gadgets that we forget how happy we were when we were reading a new princess or pirate story when we were kids.
We all know that the level of education people have its closely related with the number of books that they read. Even those with a little college read more than the people who barely finished their high school. Children who grow up reading, and supported by their parents in this journey are more likely to enroll in higher education.
Today’s technology makes it possible to read even if you are driving or doing other things. You can listen to a book through audio books anytime.
Reading has a lot of benefits and not just for those in school. The mental stimulation that comes from reading can potentially slow down the Alzheimer’s diseases and can enhance your memory. It helps people expand their vocabulary, helps empathize with other cultures, other people.
Most kids that can’t read proficiently by the end of 4th grade will end up in jail or on welfare when they finished school, or they will drop out of school before finishing it. Over 40% of the prisoners in the US jails read at the 4th-grade level.
Worse is that one out of four children in the US grows up without learning to read. Those who end up in schools but they are not helped to read proficiently by the 3rd grade have a great chance to drop out of school.
Reading is associated with the crime level. 60% of people in jail are illiterate. (more…)
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